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In Minds Of Books - مطالب آذر 1395
In Minds Of Books
عجیب نیست کتاب بعدازچندین بارخواندن چاقتر میشود!چیزی لابلای صفحه ها جامیماند.چیزهایی مثلِ احساسات،افکار،صداها!کرنلیا_فانکر
Dream Vision
Dream Vision (also called dream allegory) is a mode of narrative widely employed by medieval poets: the narrator falls asleep, usually in a spring landscape, and dreams the events he goes on to relate; often he is led by a guide, human or animal, and the events which he dreams are at least in part an allegory. A very influential medieval example is the thirteenth-century French poem Roman de la Rose; the greatest of medieval poems, Dante's Divin Comedy, is also a dream vision. In fourteenth-century England, it is the narrative mode of the fine elegy The Pearl, of Langland's Piers Plowman, and of
Chaucer's The Book of the Duchess and The House of Fame.





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برچسب ها : Dream Vision، dream allegory،
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دوشنبه 15 آذر 1395 :: نویسنده : آمنه حمیدی
Dream Vision
Dream Vision (also called dream allegory) is a mode of narrative widely employed by medieval poets: the narrator falls asleep, usually in a spring landscape, and dreams the events he goes on to relate; often he is led by a guide, human or animal, and the events which he dreams are at least in part an allegory. A very influential medieval example is the thirteenth-century French poem Roman de la Rose; the greatest of medieval poems, Dante's Divin Comedy, is also a dream vision. In fourteenth-century England, it is the narrative mode of the fine elegy The Pearl, of Langland's Piers Plowman, and of
Chaucer's The Book of the Duchess and The House of Fame.




نوع مطلب : glossary of literary terms، 
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دوشنبه 15 آذر 1395 :: نویسنده : آمنه حمیدی
Allegory
An allegory is a narrative, whether in prose or verse, in which the agents and actions, and sometimes the setting as well, are contrived by the author to make coherent sense on the "literal," or primary, level of signification, and at the same time to signify a second, correlated order of signification. In another word an allegory is a story or image with several layers of meaning: behind the literal or surface meaning lie one or more secondary meanings, of varying degrees of complexity. And it has sometimes been viewed as extended metaphor. We can distinguish two main types: (1) Historical and political allegory and (2) The allegory of ideas

In Historical and political allegory the characters and actions that are signified literally in their turn represent, or "allegorize," historical personages and events. Example: George Orwell's novel Animal Farm, on the other hand, is a political allegory. Though set in a barnyard, the novel also tells the story of the rise of the Communist party in Russia between 1917 and 1943. Although on the surface the story may seem to be about a bunch of talking farm animals, the novel also has a secondary meaning that readers in the know will piece together. The characters and actions in the plot can be directly interpreted as a representation of political events in Russian History.
In allegory of ideas the literal characters represent concepts and the plot allegorizes an abstract doctrine or thesis. Both types of allegory may either be sustained throughout
a work. Examples: A highly allegorized form of expression of an idea can be found in poems of courtly love. The primary medieval model was laid down in Le Roman de la Rose which influenced the medieval poetic expression of love in all other vernaculars throughout the following centuries.
Prudentius' Psychomachia, i.e. the Battle for the Soul of Man, written in A.D. 405 is a fine example of the allegory of ideas. The concept of a battle between the vices (Pride, Anger, Envy, etc.) and the virtues (Charity, Justice, Prudence, etc.) for the soul was re-interpreted during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance in various forms and adaptations to the changing cultural conditions.


Other famous allegories include John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress and William Golding's The Lord Of The Flies. Just to spice things up, Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene is an allegory that takes poetic form.





نوع مطلب : glossary of literary terms، 
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دوشنبه 15 آذر 1395 :: نویسنده : آمنه حمیدی
Synesthesia
The term Synesthesia is applied to descriptions of one kind of sensation in terms of another; The mixing of sensations; color is attributed to sounds, odor to colors, sound to odors, and so on. We often speak of loud  colors, bright sounds, and sweet music. Synesthesia is sometimes also called sense transference or sense analogy
Synesthesia is spelled as synaesthesia in J. A. Cuddon's a dictionary of Literary Terms 





نوع مطلب : glossary of literary terms، 
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شنبه 13 آذر 1395 :: نویسنده : آمنه حمیدی
A concrete term is a word that denotes a particular person or physical object.A sentence, accordingly, is said to be concrete if it makes an assertion about a particular subject. A passage is called concrete if it represents its subject matter with striking particularity and sensuous detail


 And an abstract term denotes either a class of things or else (as in brightness,beauty, evil, despair) qualities that exist only as attributes of particular persons or things.A sentence is said to be abstract if it makes an assertion about an abstract subject. A passage is called abstract if it represents its subject matter in general or non-sensuous words or with only a thin realization of its experienced qualities 




نوع مطلب : glossary of literary terms، 
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جمعه 12 آذر 1395 :: نویسنده : آمنه حمیدی
Imagery

Imagery is a picture made out of words.A poem may itself be an image composed from a multiplicity of images. Imagery is said to make poetry concrete, a opposed to abstract. Three uses of the

word, are especially frequent


1
Imagery (that is, "images" taken collectively) is used to signify all the objects and qualities of sense perception referred to in a poem or other work of literature, whether by literal description, by allusion, or in the vehicles (the secondary references) of its similes and metaphors.
"imagery" in this usage includes not only visual sense qualities, but also qualities that are auditory, tactile (touch), thermal (heat and cold), olfactory (smell), gustatory (taste), and kinesthetic (sensations of movement)

 

2
Imagery is used, more narrowly, to signify only specific descriptions of visible objects and scenes, especially if the description is vivid and particularized


3
in many usage, imagery signifies figurative language, especially the vehicles of metaphors and similes. Critics after the 1930s, and notably the New Critics, went far beyond earlier commentators in stressing imagery, in this sense, as the essential component in poetry, and as a major factor in poetic meaning, structure, and effect


A poem may have an image cluster, a group of related images (recurrent groupings of seemingly unre­lated metaphors and similes)



 




نوع مطلب : glossary of literary terms، 
برچسب ها : literary terms، visual imagery، thermal imagery، auditory imagery، tactile imagery، olfactory imagery، gustatory imagery،
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جمعه 12 آذر 1395 :: نویسنده : آمنه حمیدی
Conceit
figures of speech which establish a striking parallel, between two very dissimilar things or situations are called conceit. Two types of conceit are often distinguished by specific names: 1) Petrarchan conceit and  2)metaphysical conceit
The Petrarchan conceit is a type of figure used in love poems that
had been novel and effective in the Italian poet Petrarch. The figure consists of detailed, ingenious, and often exaggerated comparisons applied to the disdainful mistress, as cold and cruel as she is beautiful, and to the distresses and despair of her worshipful
lover
The metaphysical conceit
is a kind of combination of dissimilar images, or discovery of occult resemblances in things apparently unlike.... The most heterogeneous ideas are yoked by violence together




نوع مطلب : glossary of literary terms، 
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جمعه 12 آذر 1395 :: نویسنده : آمنه حمیدی


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