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In Minds Of Books - Allegory
In Minds Of Books
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Allegory
An allegory is a narrative, whether in prose or verse, in which the agents and actions, and sometimes the setting as well, are contrived by the author to make coherent sense on the "literal," or primary, level of signification, and at the same time to signify a second, correlated order of signification. In another word an allegory is a story or image with several layers of meaning: behind the literal or surface meaning lie one or more secondary meanings, of varying degrees of complexity. And it has sometimes been viewed as extended metaphor. We can distinguish two main types: (1) Historical and political allegory and (2) The allegory of ideas

In Historical and political allegory the characters and actions that are signified literally in their turn represent, or "allegorize," historical personages and events. Example: George Orwell's novel Animal Farm, on the other hand, is a political allegory. Though set in a barnyard, the novel also tells the story of the rise of the Communist party in Russia between 1917 and 1943. Although on the surface the story may seem to be about a bunch of talking farm animals, the novel also has a secondary meaning that readers in the know will piece together. The characters and actions in the plot can be directly interpreted as a representation of political events in Russian History.
In allegory of ideas the literal characters represent concepts and the plot allegorizes an abstract doctrine or thesis. Both types of allegory may either be sustained throughout
a work. Examples: A highly allegorized form of expression of an idea can be found in poems of courtly love. The primary medieval model was laid down in Le Roman de la Rose which influenced the medieval poetic expression of love in all other vernaculars throughout the following centuries.
Prudentius' Psychomachia, i.e. the Battle for the Soul of Man, written in A.D. 405 is a fine example of the allegory of ideas. The concept of a battle between the vices (Pride, Anger, Envy, etc.) and the virtues (Charity, Justice, Prudence, etc.) for the soul was re-interpreted during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance in various forms and adaptations to the changing cultural conditions.


Other famous allegories include John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress and William Golding's The Lord Of The Flies. Just to spice things up, Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene is an allegory that takes poetic form.





نوع مطلب : glossary of literary terms، 
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دوشنبه 15 آذر 1395 :: نویسنده : آمنه حمیدی
 
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